The current official historical accuracy of Firaun has been questioned because he claims to be the one and only god, while Egyptolopy reports that pharaohs believed in many gods besides themselves, making Firaun a strange exception. In the Qur'an, Firaun says:
- "O Chiefs! no god do I know for you but myself." [Qur'an 28:38]
- "Then he (Firaun) collected (his men) and made a proclamation, Saying, "I am your Lord, Most High". [Qur'an 79:23-24]
According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, "The Egyptians believed their Pharaoh to be a god, identifying him with the sky god Horus and with the sun gods Re, Amon, and Aton." and that "The Pharaoh's divine status was believed to endow him with magical powers: ... he was able to trample thousands of the enemy on the battlefield, and he was all-powerful, knowing everything and controlling nature and fertility." While pharaohs believed they were divine, some of them believed themselves to be higher even than the gods, one of them was Ramesses 2. Only Akhenaten was a monotheist and he believed the only god was Aten, not himself.